Mull Head was designated as a Local Nature Reserve in 1993, for its wildlife, geology and history. It is comprised of about 160 hectares of heathland and grassland at the north-east tip of Deerness.
It’s a place of high cliffs and wild heathland, battered by storms in winter and teeming with nesting birds in the summer. The cliffs are constantly pounded by the sea, gradually eroding them and exploiting weaknesses to form caves, stacks, narrow inlets called geos and spectacular blow holes like the Gloup. The Gloup is a long sea cave which collapsed on the landward side, leaving a large chasm still joined to the sea through a broad arch.
The sandstone cliffs have been eroded by the sea to form ledges perfect for nesting birds such as kittiwakes, guillemots, razorbills and fulmars. Other birds, including gulls and skuas, prefer to nest on the open heathland, where the bushy heather provides good cover for their chicks.
The Covenanter Memorial is a towering memorial that sits high on the cliffs overlooking the head of Scarvataing in Deerness. The stone tower was built in 1888 to commemorate two hundred Covenanters who perished in a shipwreck more than two centuries earlier.